Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte PDF/EPUB ✓

Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte PDF/EPUB ✓ I single this out (but I like most of Marx's writings)because it still gives me shivers It isn't dry and tedious or in the realm of pure philosophy It is what it isan emotional (maybe dumbed down), political tract that has no fear I don't care where in the political spectrum/circle you areit's a good read. This is kind of a mixed bag It's seemslike a peek into Marx's private notebook than a fully formed treatiste per se, he's just starting here to pin down things like capital, labor, money, and the individual, and to give some basic analysis with regards to how they interact But by the end, I was surprised at just how humanistic it turned out to be This isn't the often cold, polemical materialism that he would develop later on, but something which is deep down concerned with the problems that capital et al has for basic human dignity and value Maybe I'm telgraphing too much of Heidegger into it, but it seems that what this gets at is the ways in which capitalism alienates us not just in our day to day lives, but on ametaphysical level, from our sense of Being itself It's a very sensitive, musing piece of writing which, for it being Marx, I found refreshing Difficult to really assess due to its incompletion and what reads to me as a mediocre translation like much latediscovered Marx, this reaches us in roundabout, allusive ways, both historically and theoretically, but it's worth sinking your teeth into him at his most philosophically impassioned [In reference to the 1844 manuscripts; the Manifesto, also included here, it should go without saying is obviously great.] Early WorkThe EPM is an early work by Marx.It is where he develops his version of alienation and the relationship of the self to others, but also the relationship to work and the means of production.By the time of The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels had got involved in History and were not content just to describe it They became theorists and publicists for a revolutionary cause They created a theoretical justification for violence as a methodology for achieving a political goal.Justifying the Use of Violence Despite how democratic nations claim to be, many still use violence to achieve a goal or maintain the status quo.Because they can't be seen to endorse revolution, they create and embrace the term regime change.They are both types of violence.The only difference is the justification.They both use the same means, the difference is the end.However, the EPM precedes all of this.Reassessing Their RelevanceMarx and Engels have received a lot of bad publicity Few dare to defend them.But in the wake of the Global Financial Crisis, it's worth opening their works and having a dispassionate squiz.Not so that we can all get on a revolutionary anticapitalism bandwagon again, but so that we can understand the plight of people in contemporary society Other ReviewI have put aextended review of this book here: I really do need to read the Communist Manifesto tbh. GOOD SHIT JUST A REMINDER This is one of Marx'sdifficult works Unlike Capital, which is a slog because of its dry technicality, this is the Young Marx, writing sometimes disjointed notes on alienation, political economy, and Hegel, still using the prose of a grad student.The ideas explored in the first and second manuscript will be nothing new to anyone reading this work Marx explores all of these ideas in Value, Price, and Profit, and WageLabour and Capital, and he does so muchcoherently there Nevertheless, it is interesting to see the young Marx first grappling with questions of political economy in a rough, less developed way.The meat of this text is the third manuscript, which has perhaps caused the biggest paradigm shift in my thought out of all the Marx and Engels I've read Here, he sets forth the theory of alienation, and at times does he ends a long, dry digression with paragraphs of lively prose and lucid beauty I quote one here:This communism, as fully developed naturalism, equals humanism, and as fully developed humanism equals naturalism; it is the genuine resolution of the conflict between man and nature and between man and man the true resolution of strife between existence and essence, between objectification and selfconfirmation, between freedom and necessity, between the individual and the species Communism is the riddle of history solved, and it knows itself to be this solution.As well, Marx really hit close to home when describing the selfdenial of capitalism, the way the worker is conditioned to not live but only to survive, to save what little money he has in the bank and not to enjoy himself.The work ends with ten pages against Hegel This part was incomprehensible to me, as Hegel himself is frankly incomprehensible.Truly, this is one of Marx's best works romantic, sincere, angry, humanistic Young Marx is my favorite Marx. Do not purchase this book from a store Either steal it or pirate it Enlightening and inspiring Everybody needs to read this book at one point or another, and be able argue for and against its claims Marx sums up the basics of his philosophy and critiques past leftist movements such as religious socialists and anarchists and explains why they have and will continue to fail He gives us his 'scientific socialism' which explores the economic side of communism and why it is destined to eventually succeed Highlights class warfare and how the bourgeois have abused, and continue to abuse, the working class Also explains how petty emotional movements (ie animal rights) are used to distract the workers from their own personal abuse and prevent them from rebelling Remains relevant to this day.The only complaint I had was that I needed to keep a dictionary handy while reading it, apart from that it was great read and a lifechanging experience. دست‌نوشته‌های اقتصادی و فلسفی ۱۸۴۴ یا دست‌نوشته‌های پاریس مجموعه یادداشت‌هایی هستند که بین آوریل و اوت ۱۸۴۴ توسط کارل مارکس نوشته شده‌اند این یادداشت‌ها در زمان زندگی مارکس و مدت‌ها پس از مرگش منتشر نشد و برای اولین بار در سال ۱۹۳۲ توسط محققان اتحاد شوروی یافته شد و به چاپ رسید این یادداشت‌ها حاوی اولین بروزهای تحلیل اقتصادی مارکس و نقد او به هگل هستند مسائل متعددی از جمله مالکیت خصوصی، کمونیسم و پول در آن‌ها مورد بحث قرار گرفته‌است این در ضمن اولین بار است که مارکس از این صحبت می‌کند که شرایط جوامع مدرن صنعتی به ازخودبیگانگی کارگران و بیگانگی آن‌ها از کار خودشان می‌انجامد So this is the muchvaunted humanist Marx he's definitely a different Marx than the strict economic thinker of Capital Rather, this is a guy who thinks that capitalism destroys the soul of the worker, alienating him from his labors and alienating humanity from history.And given that a lot of Marx's specific economic theories are now pretty suspect while his social theories remain strong, this seems to be the Marx we should be paying attention to Check it out!

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